IU-B African Studies Library: a Bountiful Research Collection


Are you someone who is interested in scholarly reference materials on Africa south of the Sahara? If so, look no further than your IU Bloomington Library! The 6th floor of the Wells Library has a vast collection of documents covering a great deal of historical information. Keep reading to get more information on our collection and how to use it.

What exactly is the collection about?
The African Studies Library Collection is a multi-reference research area that contains information about Sub-Saharan Africa, supporting research inquiries for undergraduate, graduate, and Ph.D. students alike. The collection has documented information dating back as early as c1500, including aspects of indigenous tongues, spirituality, culture, government, and more.

What does Sub-Sahara mean?
The Sahara is a geographical reference point spanning from far West Africa towards Egypt and then south towards the country of South Africa. The African Studies collection consists of multiple documents written in indigenous languages such as Zulu, Igbo, Xhosa, Ibibio, Afrikaans, Bambara, Fula, Kpelle, Sango, Somali, Swahili, Wolof, Twi (Akan), Yoruba, and many others. In addition, these documents can be extremely useful as primary resources!

Who should use the African Studies collection?
Anyone interested in learning more scholarship about Africa and all that it consists of will benefit greatly from this collection, which contains everything from manuscripts, academic journals, annual conference reports, newspapers, and language and linguistics manuals. You don’t have to stop there, though! Expand your realm of knowledge by exploring the IU Art Museum which has primary resources of African art and archaeological pieces of African tribes and culture south of the Sahara. Using the African Studies Library Collection interchangeably with other resources on the IU Bloomington campus can help you if you are not solely dependent upon the African Studies collection for scholarly reference materials.

african studies lib

If you’re looking to broaden your African Studies horizon even further, feel free to visit the library’s African Studies resources page. Browsing through these resouces can be helpful in obtaining information that the Wells Library may not have. For instance, Michigan State University currently carries one of the most comprehensive collections on the Amharic language of Abyssinia (Ethiopia). Since IU and MSU are part of the Big Ten conference library system, resources can also be researched through Worldcat. To request items that another library holds, you can submit an Interlibrary Loan (ILL) request.

Happy researching! As always, don’t hesitate to consult with a reference librarian in the Wells Library east tower for further research help!


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Classic Frights for Dark Autumn Nights

Every year in mid-autumn, as the weather takes a turn for the cold and the leaves begin to fall, people become obsessed with the emotion of fear. They flood theaters to see the newest iterations of a crazy killer going wild. But some of the most truly satisfying scares come from classic stories–those that have been around for decades. With Halloween being today, it is a great time to get lost in some of these excellent heroes of horror.

No one does it better than the original.

For an entry to the dark mystery genre, you cannot look past the original: Edgar Allan Poe. There is a reason the annual award for most engaging mystery is named after him. His stories are so pervasive, they are seemingly eternal; chances are good you are familiar with some of his work. They remain popular today, over 150 years after his death, because they are so exciting. In the Wells Library, you can find his best works contained in The Portable Edgar Allan Poe, and even a lot of his stories online with Volume One and Volume Two of his tales. You can start with his most famous stories like “The Tell-Tale Heart” or “The Pit and the Pendulum.” “The Black Cat” and “The Masque of the Red Death” are also highly recommended.

This guy.

About fifty years after Poe’s death in the early twentieth century, the horror genre was further refined by another east-coast American writer, H.P. Lovecraft. Combining the terrifying aspects of Poe with the fascinating science fiction components of H.G. Wells, Lovecraft has been influencing modern fantasy and fear for decades now. Most famous for his creation of the titular monster in “The Call of Cthulu” (you can come face-to-face with it in Necronomicon), Lovecraft’s stories are always good at being eerie. His novella, At the Mountains of Madness, is also very much worth a read.

'Here's Johnny!' in one of the most iconic scenes in film history.

For more recent frightening authors, Stephen King has emerged as the obvious choice for contemporary-classic status. King launched into popular culture in the mid-seventies when several of his novels became hits in Hollywood, most notably The Shining. While his novels are certainly good fun, some of his most chilling work lies in his short stories. Particularly his first collection, Night Shift, features some highlights. I cannot, in good conscience, recommend that you read these in the dark.

In a season where the theaters are dominated by terrifying films (and sequels…and sequels), some of the best scares can still be found in the pages of books and stories. There is something truly rewarding about being chilled by a classic piece of science fiction or mystery. Of course, these are just the three most famous writers; you could spend hours perusing lesser known authors and their forays into horror. Or if you are looking to save time, a quick search for “two-sentence horror stories” can satisfy your desires for the macabre. However you spend your Hallow’s Eve, whether it is going for a night bike ride through the woods or watching a movie about a homicidal scarecrow, all of us from the Wells Library wish you a fantastic and spooky holiday!

–Joseph Wooley

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The Best of the Bestiaries

Let’s be honest: medieval Europeans were into some weird stuff. When they weren’t putting animals on trial for their misdeeds (because 16th century pigs could be downright rude), or wearing two foot long shoes, or determining whether or not some was actually, like, DEAD dead, they were filling gold-leafed pages with intricate drawings and fanciful accounts of some very wild beasts.

"You have the right to remain sty-lent."

“You have the right to remain sty-lent.”

Once compiled together, these collections of animal tales were known as bestiaries. Although a handful of classical authors like Aristotle, Herodotus, and Solinus each published an early form of the bestiary, the literary craze reached the height of its popularity during the 12th century—most notably in England and France. Such manuscripts often described the varied species of animals native to Europe or any faraway land deemed “exotic.” Imaginary animals such as unicorns, dragons, and basilisks were also included, though some scholars argue whether or not Europeans actually believed in the existence of such mythical creatures.

However, what makes a bestiary a bestiary is its heavy use of allegory in regards to Christian morals. For example, the eagle, which is known for its sharp eyesight, can stare directly into the sun without suffering any harm. Yet as the eagle “rejects any of its young that cannot stare unflinching into the sun, so God will reject sinners who cannot bear the divine light.” Other moral lessons involve the twisted desires of man (represented by a serpent), the rebirth of “new believers” (represented by a phoenix), and the need to look to a celestial presence for guidance (represented by the ostrich). While some of these fables are a bit heavy-handed, they represent important cultural, historical, and traditional beliefs during Middle Ages.

Medieval cephalopod versus, you know, an actual cephalopod

Medieval cephalopod versus, you know, an actual cephalopod

Wells, the Lilly, and the Fine Arts Library all house bestiaries in varying formats. From microfilm to books to online resources, the following titles serve as excellent introductions to a literary genre that toes the line between informative and bizarre. Take a look when you have the chance!

And, for good measure, this.

And, for good measure, this.

Online Resources:
The secrets of Albertus Magnus of the vertues of herbs, stones, and certain beasts : whereunto is newly added, a short discourse of the seven planets, governing the nativities of children : also a book of the same author, of the marvellous things of the world and of certain things, caused of certain beasts (1681)

The book of barely imagined beings a 21st century bestiary (2013)

Brutes turn’d criticks, or, Mankind moraliz’d by beasts in sixty satyrical letters upon the vices and follies of our age (1695)

A Peterborough psalter and bestiary of the fourteenth century (1921)

Fictitious beasts; a bibliography (1961)

A medieval book of beasts : Pierre de Beauvais’ Bestiary (1992)

Bestiaries and their users in the Middle Ages (1998)

-Delainey Bowers

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Getting Started with OneSearch

Getting Started With OneSearch:

In addition to the hundreds of subject-specific databases available online, the Indiana University Library system also offers OneSearch, a version of EBSCO Discovery Service tailored for the IU Libraries. This service allows users to search over a hundred databases, including IUCAT. This means that searching in OneSearch can result in several different media, including books, journal articles, newspaper articles, video and audio recordings, and digital archival materials. While OneSearch is meant to be easy to use, the vast amount of resources included in the search can sometimes lead to a large number of results that may not be useful. This guide provides several tips for searching and discusses many helpful features of OneSearch. OneSearch is accessible through the Indiana University Libraries homepage. Just go to the footer of the webpage and click on “OneSearch@IU” under “Top Recommended Resources!”

How to Search:

Below, you’ll find a link to a video tutorial on how to use OneSearch. While the video will briefly display the basic search window that appears on the OneSearch homepage, it focuses on more advanced search techniques in order to help the user get the most relevant results. In the video, we search for subject terms “cochlear implant” as well as “deaf culture,” then limit the results to “full text” offerings published between 2010 and 2014. These are not the only search and limiter options available through OneSearch; while some others are displayed as the video progresses, users should further explore these options after viewing the tutorial. Finally, we demonstrate how to access an online full text article, once the user has located it.

Advanced Searching Tutorial

If the video does not work, please see the step-by-step tutorial instructions at the end of the post.

Location of item:

location screenshot small

When viewing the catalog information for resources, OneSearch will denote the physical location on the Search Results page; this makes locating the item that much easier for the user. In the example above, we see the complete first season of Comedy Bang! Bang! can be found at Foster Library, which is located in one of the Bloomington Residence Halls.

Call numbers:

call number screenshot small

If a physical copy of the resource you’re seeking is available, and it has a call number attached, the call number will also be displayed on the Search Results page. In the example above, I’m Bored by Michael Ian Black is listed as available at East Library – Richmond, with the call number PZ7.B529 I6 2012.


Citation screenshot small

Another great feature of OneSearch is the “cite” option. This is available through the right-side toolbar when you are viewing the detailed record of the item. Clicking this link provides the user with a list of citation formats, so they can easily reference the resource.

Check for availability/Request interlibrary loan/HTML full text:

full text screenshot small

If the resource for which the user is searching has no physical location within the library system, various other options for acquiring the resource will appear. In the above example, we have highlighted these options: “Check for availability,” which will link the user to locations where the resource is available (if any such locations exist); “Request through interlibrary loan,” which should link the user to their library system’s interlibrary loan request form; and “HTML full text,” which will link the user to a full text version of the source. (A fourth option, “PDF full text,” is not shown here.)

How to Perform an Advanced Search:

Note: In this tutorial, we will guide you through the search performed in the video; once you’ve performed this “practice search” yourself, you should be able to more easily navigate the various OneSearch advanced search options.

Step 1: On the OneSearch homepage, click the link labeled “Advanced Search” (located beneath the search box).

Step 2: Type “cochlear implant” into the first search box and, using the drop-down arrow (labeled “Select a Field”), choose “SU Subject Terms;” be sure to note the other possible field searching options.

Step 3: In the next search box, type “deaf culture” and select “SU Subject Terms” again. Once you’ve done this, click the “Search” button to the right of the search boxes.

Step 4: A list of search results will appear. Note that this initial search has yielded roughly 45 results. Not bad, but there are probably some resources in there you won’t be able to use. If you look to the left-hand side of the screen, you’ll see a list labeled “Limit To.” Check the box beside “Full Text;” this will limit the search results to resources with full text available to view online.

Step 5: Look to the “Limit To” list again. At the bottom, you’ll see a slide bar labeled “Publication Date” with years on each end; type “2009” into the left-hand box. This will limit your results further to resources published in the last 5 years.

Step 6: You should be left with roughly 10 results; click on the article “Deaf Culture” by Ryan O’Hanlon. Once the catalog information for this resource has loaded, you should see a link labeled “PDF Full Text” on the left-hand side of the screen; clicking this link will bring you to a full-text online version of the article.

– Kaitlin Bonifant and Ryan Frick

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Fall Back into Nature

Fall is officially here and you couldn’t be in a much better place to see it in all its glory. As midterms, papers, and projects continually weigh you down, we suggest taking a day and experiencing fall in the Bloomington area! There are many beautiful places to visit, and all within an hour of Bloomington. Since there are an overwhelmingly large amount of choices, here are three great options to get you started:

Let’s start with McCormick Creek State Park. Located in Spencer, Indiana, it provides plenty of places to sit by the creek with a good book (which you can get from the Wells Library) for an hour or two and recharge your batteries.

McCormick Creek in Autumn

McCormick Creek in Autumn

Next is Morgan Monroe State Forest. Morgan Monroe is located just up the 37 a little ways around Martinsville. It offers scenery like this:

Fall in Morgan Monroe State Forest

Fall in Morgan Monroe State Forest

Finally is the world famous Brown County State Park. It is located east on the 46 in and around Nashville, Indiana. As you can see from the image below, it is world famous for a reason.

Fall in Brown County State Park

Fall in Brown County State Park

What does the Wells Library have to do with the beautiful fall foliage? First of all, we have some great resources to help you plan your trip. We have maps of Brown County State Park and a map of the Tecumseh Trail, which is 42 miles long and begins in Morgan Monroe State Forest. We also have a Fall color guide and for those not wanting to go outside of Bloomington, we have a Bloomington Parks and Recreation Trail Guide. You can find all of these materials and more in IUCAT, the Libraries’ online catalog!

So come to the Wells Library to prepare for your trip, grab that good book, and head on out to see some of the most beautiful Fall colors in the country.

-David Kloster

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Recommended Wells Library Books for Halloween 2014

It’s the month of October now, and that means Halloween is coming soon. So what’s the best way for book lovers to celebrate this strangely hallowed season? Check out a collection of ghost stories or a Gothic novel from the Herman B Wells Library! Go to the tenth floor of the East Tower (in the Research Collections), or to the second and third floors of the West Tower (Undergraduate Core Collection or Browsing Collection) and head for the “PR” or “PS” call number range to access one of these twelve recommended titles.

Some of these first editions issued in the 1950’s and 1960’s will most likely emit a musty old-book smell that can only enhance your Gothic reading experience while stimulating your imagination. Surely the tactile and olfactory experiences of handling the 1959 first Evergreen edition of Matthew G. Lewis’s The Monk will conjure up images of ruined abbeys and catacombs in eerie moonlight. Earlier first editions of these titles are held by the Lilly Library and are non-circulating. And of course, it’s not at all the same type of experience trying to curl up in bed with a Kindle or a Nook for the electronic editions of these titles–and that’s because you won’t have that total sense experience that is so crucial for feeling phantasmagoric creepiness. That’s something you’d want to smell off the antiquated page and touch with excited fingers. So now is the chance to get your hands on these classic books and read about the ghostly, the macabre, the Gothic, and the supernatural, especially since access is so much easier now with the near-completion of Wells Library renovation. Check out recommended titles in more depth below!

Top 6 Ghost (or Horror) Story Anthologies at the Wells Library:

“The Fall of the House of Usher” and Other Writings: Poems, Tales, Essays and Reviews by Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849). (Ed. David Galloway, London: Penguin, 2003).

Best Ghost Stories of J. S. Le Fanu. (Le Fanu, Joseph Sheridan, 1814-1873). Ed. E. F. Bleiler, New York: Dover, 1964.

Ghost and Horror Stories of Ambrose Bierce (Bierce, Ambrose, 1842-1914?). Ed. E. F. Bleiler, New York: Dover, 1964.

Collected Ghost Stories by M. R. (Montague Rhodes) James (1862-1936). (Ed. Darryl Jones, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

In the Realm of Terror: 8 Haunting Tales by Algernon Blackwood (1869-1951). (New York: Pantheon, 1957).

Necronomicon: The Best Weird Tales of H.P. Lovecraft (Lovecraft, H. P. (Howard Phillips), 1890-1937). Ed. Stephen Jones, Commemorative ed., London: Gollancz, 2008).

Top 6 Gothic Novel Volumes at the Wells Library:

The Old English Baron by Clara Reeve (1729-1807). (Ed. James Trainer, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2003).

The Italian, or, The Confessional of the Black Penitents: A Romance by Ann Radcliffe (1764-1823). (Ed. Frederick Garber, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1981, c1968).

The Monk by Matthew G. Lewis (1775-1818). (1st Evergreen ed., New York: Grove Press, 1959, c1952).

Frankenstein by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851). (Ed. J. Paul Hunter, 2nd ed., New York: W.W. Norton & Co., c2012).

Dracula by Bram Stoker (1847-1912). (Ed. Maurice Hindle, Rev. ed., London and New York: Penguin Books, 2003).

The Castle of Otranto, by Horace Walpole (1717-1797). Vathek, by William Beckford (1760-1844). The Vampyre, by John Polidori (1795-1821). Three Gothic novels, and a Fragment of a Novel by Lord Byron (1788-1824). (Ed. E. F. Bleiler, New York: Dover, 1966).

Happy Halloween reading!

–Hiromi Yoshida

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Judging a Book by Its Title: A Guide to Folklore

For anyone interested in working with children – whether as a teacher, librarian, counselor, or even as a parent – it’s important to know you can’t always judge a book by its title. After all, that copy of The Little Mermaid you just selected off the shelf may contain some details you would consider inappropriate – I’m looking at you, Hans Christian Andersen – and a story titled “The Mermaid Wife” is probably not the same folktale, even though its title is very similar.

So how do you know, at a glance, which tale is the one you remember from your childhood and which is a classic case of Stockholm syndrome? That’s where our Folklore Collection, located on the 7th floor of the East Tower, comes in handy. Anyone familiar with the collection is probably aware of just how extensive it is, in terms of anthologies and secondary source material. But did you know the collection houses its own reference section? On your right as you enter the Folklore collection, these shelves house materials detailing classic folklore motifs, themes, plot structures, etc., to aid in a better understanding of folktales and how they relate to one another. For someone studying folklore, this is a treasure-trove of useful information; however, these books can be just as helpful to someone who simply wants to find the version of The Little Mermaid they like best.

Below, you’ll find a small sampling of these books. If you’re interested in learning more on the topic of folklore, check out the collection in person or contact our subject specialist, Moira Marsh.

The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Folktales & Fairy Tales
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Folktales & Fairy Tales

Motif-Index of Folk Literature by Stith Thompson
Stith Thompson

The Storyteller’s Sourcebook by Margaret Read MacDonald
The Storyteller's Sourcebook

Happy researching and reading!

-Kaitlin Bonifant

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Get More Out of the Library!

Hey Hoosiers! You probably know that you can find books and articles at the library, but here’s a few things you can find at the library that you might not know about.

1. You might know that you can Ask A Librarian any question you have over instant messaging. But did you know that you can also text questions to a librarian? Just text 812.671.0275 during reference desk hours and get instant answers to your questions!

Screenshot 2014-09-21 22.24.40

2. You might know that the library has a Twitter (@HermanBWells) that sends out updates about the things that are happening at Wells, but did you know that you can ask us questions on Twitter, too? Just give us a holler about anything–your loves, your hates, your questions, you name it! We’ll get back to you in our ever-sassy manner.

Screenshot 2014-09-21 22.28.48

3. You might know that the library has an Instagram (@HermanBWells), but did you know that if you ‘gram a picture of Wells (help us find it by using #wellslibrary!), we’ll regram you so that your image can be part of the living archive of Wells we’re creating through our Instagram? We’ve even got a #WellsLibrary #shelfie week coming up September 29-October 4–we’ll repost our favorite images throughout the week!


–Faith Bradham

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Maya, Yuri, and Gabriel

Over the last year the world has lost three giants: activist, musician, actress, and writer Maya Angelou; activist and author Yuri Kochiyama; and Nobel Laureate author Gabriel Garcia Marquez.

In honor of their great attributes, take the time to read more about them below. You can find their written material here in the Wells Library.

Maya Angelou (April 4, 1928- May 28, 2014)


Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Anne Johnson on April 4, 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri. At the age of 14 Angelou received a scholarship to study dance and drama at San Francisco’s Labor School. Shortly after completing high school she gave birth to her son, Guy. In 1954 and 1955 Angelou traveled through Europe performing in the production Porgy and Bess. Maya went on to study modern dance with Martha Graham and perform with Alvin Ailey. She released her first album Calypso Lady in 1957. In the early ’60s Angelou moved to Africa and did work in Egypt and Ghana. With the encouragement of her friend, writer James Baldwin, Maya worked on and released the critically acclaimed I Know Why the Cage Bird Sings (1970). Two years later she wrote the score for the film Georgia, Georgia (1972). Maya Angelou’s acting credits also include Alex Haley’s Roots, John Singleton’s Poetic Justice, and she also directed Down in the Delta. Angelou has served on two Presidential committees and received the Presidential Medal of Arts (2000), and the Lincoln Medal (2008).

Here are a few of Maya Angleou’s best works. These are all are located in the Herman B Wells Library:

bird I Know Why the Cage Bird Sings

Image Mom & Me & Mom

mFIGXD42nqqDtKe89RWvYJA Even the Stars Look Lonesome

Check out Maya Angelou’s website here: Maya Angelou

Yuri Kochiyama (May 19,1921- June 1, 2014)


Yuri Kochiyma was born on May 19, 1921 in San Pedro, California. She spent two years of her life in a concentration camp in Jerome, Arkansas. Kochiyama’s activism years started in the 1960s when she participated in the Harlem Freedom School, African American, Asian American, and Third World Movements for civil and human rights and in the opposition against the Vietnam War. During her life Kochiyama she became friends with Malcolm X and joined his group The Organization of Afro-American Unity, working for racial justice and human rights. Over Kochiyama’s life she became involved in different movements for ethical studies, such as redress and reparations for Japanese Americans, African Americans, and Native Americans, and political prisoners rights in the Puerto Rican independence.

Here are some books to help explore the civil rights activist Yuri Kochiyama:

2f835321-8368-418b-acdb-83d466746c83 Heartbeat of Struggle: the Revolutionary life of Yuri Kochiyama

shahbk Dragon Ladies: Asian American Women Breathe Fire

To read the full life story of Yuri Kochiyama visit here: Yuri Kochuyama

Gabriel Garcia Marquez (March 6, 1927-April 17, 2014)


Gabriel Garcia Marquez was born on March 6, 1927 in Aracataca, Northern Columbia and was raised by his maternal grandparents. Around the age of eight he began his formal education by going to boarding school in Barranquilla, Columbia, and at age 12 he received a scholarship for a secondary school located outside Bogotá. After a failed attempt at studying law, Marquez decided to write. His work introduced readers to magical realism, which combined facts and fantasy. Some of his most recognized works include Cien aos de soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude, 1967), El amor en los tiempos del colera (Love in the Time of Cholera, 1985), and his memoir Vivir para contarla (Living to Tell the Tale, 2002). Other novels by Garcia Marquez include El ontono del partriarca (Autumn of the Patriarch, 1975), Cronica de unamuerte aninciada (Chronicle of Death Foretold, 1982), and Noticia de un secuestro (News of a Kidnapping, 1997). Gabriel Garcia Marquez received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982, becoming the first Columbian and fourth Latin American to win the honor.

Here are some books written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez that are located in the Herman B Wells Library:

7556492 One Hundred Years of Solitude

loveinthetimeofcholera Love in the Time of Cholera

1400041341.01.MZZZZZZZ Living to Tell the Tale

To learn more about this literary giant follow the link below: Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Happy reading!

-Brittany L.

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Welcome Back, Hoosiers!

It’s back to school time at Indiana University, and although part of the Wells Library is currently under construction, the library’s reference department is ready and waiting to help you with your reference and research needs! For those of you not familiar with the services our library provides (or haven’t seen our new website), why not take a moment now to familiarize yourself?

You can Ask a Librarian for reference help through phone, text, email, and instant messaging! Reference librarians and staff are also available in the newly-renovated Scholar’s Commons, which is located on the first floor of the East Tower in Wells.


Remember, too, that you can check our online catalog, IUCAT, for whatever books you are looking for. The Wells Library houses a vast research collection and also has a browsing collection that contains more popular and well-known books. And don’t forget that IUCAT also houses movies, sound recordings, and much more.

Best wishes for a fantastic fall semester from everyone at the Wells Library!

-Keila D.

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