Open Access, Copyright, Licensing, and IUScholarWorks

When most people hear the term, “open access,” they typically think of information that is freely accessible on the web; however, that only encompasses half of what open access stands for. Open access is not only about being able to obtain information for free, but it is also about being able to reuse that information freely, i.e. how that information is subsequently distributed, linked to, and built upon.

Example of a derivative work.

Example of a derivative work. Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADerivative-work-icon.svg

By default, you, the author, hold the copyright for every new work you create, meaning you alone have the right to distribute and create derivatives from it. The good news is you can waive this right by adding a Creative Commons License to your work, which explains to users what they may or may not do with it. For example, a CC-BY license tells users that they may distribute and create derivative works, as long as they attribute the original work to you.

Adding a Creative Commons license to your work in IUScholarWorks is a simple step. When you submit an item to the repository, you have the opportunity to specify the name of a license in the Rights field during the submission process. Remember, leaving this field blank means the that you reserve all rights to your work!

To learn more about licensing options, check out the Creative Commons website (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/) or contact the IUScholarWorks team.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Open Access, Copyright, Licensing, and IUScholarWorks

Hindsight: Journal of Optometry History makes its back issues Open Access

(U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Eric C. Tretter/Released)

(U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Eric C. Tretter/Released)

Hindsight: Journal of Optometry History, edited by Indiana University professor David Goss and published by the Optometric Historical Society, has released its back issues (1970-2010) with help from the IU Libraries Scholarly Communication department and the IU Libraries Digitization Lab. With the release, Hindsight becomes the longest continuous running journal with the largest amount of backfiles available in the IU open access publishing system.

The journal will continue to release “new” material (with a 2 year embargo). Bookmark the journal’s new website or “subscribe” to the journal’s mailing list to be updated when new content is added.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Hindsight: Journal of Optometry History makes its back issues Open Access

Free Tools to Visualize Your Data

Data visualization has grown in popularity as datasets have become larger and tools have become more user-friendly. This area is eagerly being explored by researchers in a variety of disciplines. Although many people think of numbers when they consider types of data, data comes in many forms–including text! In fact, for many researchers, especially those in the humanities or social sciences, text is their primary data source.

journal.pone.0004803.g005

This example of a network visualization could be created using a tool like Gephi or Sci2. Image: Clickstream Data Yields High-Resolution Maps of Science. Johan Bollen, Herbert Van de Sompel, Aric Hagberg, Luis Bettencourt, Ryan Chute, Marko A. Rodriguez, Lyudmila Balakireva. http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0004803

Here is a brief list of freely available tools you can use to explore and visualize both numerical and textual data. This list is by no means comprehensive; to check out additional tools, try the visualization tool list at Bamboo DiRT.

  • D3 – A JavaScript data visualization library. While you would need to invest the time to learn basic JavaScript, this introductory tutorial breaks down steps to learn D3. You can also check out the array of impressive visualizations resulting from its use.
  • Gephi – If you only wanted to invest the time to learn one visualization tool, this open source software for visualizing networks and complex systems is a great choice. Take a look at one of the many available tutorials to get started.
  • ManyEyes – This tool allows users to easily upload datasets and create basic visualizations. To get a feel for the types of visualizations created, view the ManyEyes gallery.
  • Sci2 Tool – This tool, developed at the Indiana University Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, is billed as “a modular toolset specifically designed for the study of science [that] supports the temporal, geospatial, topical, and network analysis and visualization of scholarly datasets.” Its strength lies in its ability to handle network data, similar to Gephi.
  • Tableau Public – This free, limited-functionality version of the popular software Tableau simplifies the act of creating charts and graphs.
  • Voyant – This is a browser-based platform for analysis and visualization of texts. It is a beginner-friendly tool with modest functionality: visualizations created within Voyant are limited to charts and graphs, though it would be easy to plug the data generated by the program into another platform with greater capacity for visualization, such as Gephi.
  • WordSeer – WordSeer is a textual analysis and visualization tool comparable to Voyant. The latest version, 3.0, has not yet been released publicly.

Lastly, I would be remiss if I failed to mention the important role that data management plays in data visualization. Poorly managed data may hinder your ability to create effective visualizations, so learn a few simple steps to manage your data more effectively. For more information, contact Stacy Konkiel, Science Data Management Librarian, at skonkiel@indiana.edu to schedule a consultation!

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Free Tools to Visualize Your Data

Open Access: 7 Things You Need to Know

Stacy Konkiel, Science Data Management Librarian, @skonkiel, and myself, Jen Laherty, Digital Publishing Librarian, @jlaherty, were asked to provide the Bloomington Library Faculty Council with an overview of Open Access.  Here is our quick presentation, given December 4, 2013.

On a related note, the Bloomington Faculty Council Library committee, co-chaired by faculty Jason Baird Jackson, Director of the Mathers Museum of World Cultures and Associate Professor of Folklore and Ethnomusicology and Ted Striphas, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Communication and Culture, are leading a discussion to recommend, or not, that an open access deposit policy be adopted by Indiana University Bloomington Faculty.  A similar conversation is happening at the IUPUI campus.

Librarians at IUB may wish to discuss an open access deposit policy for their scholarly outputs ahead of a campus policy – akin to those described in the seventh ‘think to know’ in the linked presentation.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Open Access: 7 Things You Need to Know

17 More Essential Altmetrics Resources (the Library Version)

As promised, I have compiled some “required reading” related specifically to altmetrics and their use in libraries. These articles and blog posts actually comprise a majority of the writing out there on altmetrics in libraries–there’s surprisingly little that librarians have written to date on how our profession might use altmetrics to enhance our work.

Ironically enough (given librarians’ own OA advocacy), some of the articles linked below have been published in toll access library science journals. Apologies in advance for any paywalls you may encounter. (Though if you do find barriers to access, you should tell OA Button about it!)

General

Collection Development

Research Data Curation

  • Weber, N. M., Thomer, A. K., Mayernik, M. S., Dattore, B., Ji, Z., & Worley, S. (2013). The Product and System Specificities of Measuring Curation Impact. International Journal of Digital Curation, 8(2).  doi:10.2218/ijdc.v8i2.286

Institutional Repositories

  • Day, M., & Michael Day. (2004). Institutional repositories and research assessment. Project Report. UKOLN, University of Bath. (pp. 1–30). Bath: University of Bath. Retrieved from http://opus.bath.ac.uk/23308/
  • Frank Scholz, S. D. (2006). International Workshop on Institutional Repositories and Enhanced and Alternative Metrics of Publication Impact. CERN. Retrieved from http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/series/dini-schriften/2006-8/PDF/8.pdf
  • Konkiel, S., & Scherer, D. (2013). New opportunities for repositories in the age of altmetrics. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 39(4), 22–26. doi:10.1002/bult.2013.1720390408
  • Merceur, F., Gall, M. Le, Salaün, A., & Le Gall, M. (2011). Bibliometrics: a new feature for institutional repositories. In 14th Biennal EURASLIC Meeting (pp. 1–21). Lyon. Retrieved from http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14253/11886.pdf
  • Organ, M. K. (2006). Download Statistics – What Do They Tell Us? The Example of Research Online, the Open Access Institutional Repository at the University of Wollongong, Australia. D-Lib Magazine. Retrieved February 13, 2012, from http://ro.uow.edu.au/asdpapers/44/

Do you have “must read” articles relating to libraries and altmetrics that didn’t make it on this list? Leave ’em in the comments below!

Want to read some general altmetrics-related research? Check out the original list of 17 Essential Altmetrics Resources.

Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Simple Steps to Manage Your Data More Effectively

Data management can be an intimidating topic. However, learning how to manage your data can improve your research processes and therefore your life! Not to mention the fact that many grant funding agencies now require data management plans to be submitted with proposals. Is your interest piqued yet? Read below for some easy first steps toward managing your data.

Consider your current data practices

Here are some preliminary questions to ask yourself.

  • What data do I collect?
  • Do I follow a process for collecting and documenting my data?
  • Who contributes data–just me or others, too?
  • What format is the data in?
  • Where is the data stored?
  • Is the data being backed up?

Determine areas to improve

Compare the following suggestions to your own data practices. If you can start taking steps to improve the weaker areas, you’ll be all set.

  • Documentation – Document the processes and workflows you follow when collecting and managing your data in a README file (click here for a good example). It is also important to follow standards within your field for documenting contextual information about your data. In library jargon, this is known as metadata. To search for a metadata standard in your discipline, try the Digital Curation Centre’s helpful search tool.
  • Formats – Ideally, data should be stored in open, non-proprietary formats. This will ensure that it can be accessed well into the future. The Open Data Handbook gives a good overview of open formats. This can be as simple as saving files as a CSV instead of Excel spreadsheet or a text file instead of Microsoft word document.
  • Storage – IU offers several options for data storage. You can store your data on the cloud through IU Box, which also provides excellent versioning and collaborative functionality. For sensitive or large data sets, you can use the Scholarly Data Archive. Whatever you do, just make sure that you are backing up your data and not just relying on your hard drive to keep your data safe. Also note that these options do not ensure long-term preservation. For this, you should consider adding completed data sets to the IU institutional repository, IUScholarWorks (IUSW).
  • Sharing and Access Opening up your data won’t be appropriate for all researchers, but those whose research is complete should consider storing their data in IUSW to promote discoverability and access to their data.

Get help

Data management advice is nearly impossible to generalize, especially in a short blog post! Contact Stacy Konkiel, Science Data Management Librarian, at skonkiel@indiana.edu with questions, comments, or to schedule a one-on-one consultation about how the IU Libraries Data Management Service can help you manage your data.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Simple Steps to Manage Your Data More Effectively

What Open Access Means to Me

On October 21-25, IU celebrated International Open Access Week with a series of events to reflect on and educate the IU community about open access, including workshops, presentations, and round table discussions on topics ranging from data management to student publishing. As part of this series, we asked faculty and students to answer the question “What does open access mean to you?” and compiled their responses here.

To wrap up the discussion, I thought I would use this post to share my own response:

Open access offers something for everyone. For librarians and users, it creates a sustainable model of scholarly communication that fosters equal access to information. For universities and funding agencies, it accelerates research, supporting the mission to advance knowledge creation. For researchers and their home institutions, it creates an unparalleled opportunity for impact.

As a graduate student in the Department of Information and Library Science, I am excited by the ways libraries are playing an increasing role in the open access movement by providing open access publishing services, supporting institutional repositories, preserving open access materials through LOCKSS, and more. I strongly believe that the principles of open access align with the core values of librarianship, and it is something that I am proud to be a part of.

If you are interested in learning more about open access, the following list of resources is a great place to get started:

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on What Open Access Means to Me

Predatory Publishers and IUScholarWorks

My name is Brianna Marshall and I am the Scientific Data Curation Assistant in the Scholarly Communication Department. While my responsibilities primarily pertain to helping researchers manage their data, I also work with IUScholarWorks (IUSW) quite frequently. Making your work available in IUSW ensures that it is preserved and made available to researchers around the world. Unfortunately, individuals submitting work to IUSW and other institutional repositories may find themselves targeted by predatory open access publishers.

What is a predatory publisher?

Often, predatory publishers do not offer traditional editorial services, such as peer review (although they may claim that they do). Many of these journals will accept an article then let the author know that they owe an exorbitant publication fee.

These predatory publishers can seem legitimate – they may have fully functional websites and authors rights statements that are similar to those of well-respected publishers, but this is no guarantee of their quality. The rise of online publishing has made it easier for these groups to masquerade as legitimate publishers.

How can I identify a predatory publisher?

Predatory publishers don’t serve any risk to researchers if you can identify and discount them as an option for disseminating your work.

Predatory publishers are seeking to make a large profit, so they are known to aggressively seek out new authors or editors. Receiving a form email that requests your submission to a particular publisher should be your first clue. Some publishers are bold enough to find authors who have submitted to institutional repositories: a librarian within our department experienced this firsthand after submitting her work into IUSW.

Don’t be fooled by these publishers. If you have any suspicions about the publisher, we recommend that you consult Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers. Jeffrey Beall, a librarian at the University of Colorado-Denver, publishes a list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers” on his website. If after consulting his list you still have questions or concerns, consult your local librarian.

How can I avoid unwanted reuse of my work?

Clearly licensing your work with a non-commercial Creative Commons license is a possible way to thwart unwanted reuse of your work, but it’s not fool-proof. The rise of predatory publishers means that scholars need to be more vigilant than ever about researching where they choose to publish and what rights they have over that work.

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Predatory Publishers and IUScholarWorks

Analytics for IUScholarWorks is now here!

Hi, I am Pallavi Murthy and I will be working for IUScholarWorks under Scholarly Communications as a Graduate Assistant through fall 2013 and spring 2014. This is my first blog and I am very excited to start off my job with multiple duties at hand! Well, let me put it this way- I am very happy to work on something I really love- Data and Analytics!

To say that data analysis is important to business will be an understatement. In fact, no business can survive without analyzing available data. Data analysis is the lifeline of any business. Whether one wants to arrive at some marketing decisions or fine-tune new product launch strategy, data analysis is the key to all the problems. What is the importance of data analysis – instead, one should say what is not important about data analysis. Merely analyzing data isn’t sufficient from the point of view of making a decision. How does one interpret from the analyzed data is more important. Thus, data analysis is not a decision making system, but decision supporting system. Data analysis can offer the following benefits:

  • Structuring the findings from survey research or other means of data collection
  • Break a macro picture into a micro one
  • Acquiring meaningful insights from the dataset
  • Basing critical decisions from the findings
  • Ruling out human bias through proper statistical treatment. [1]

Libraries can use data analysis for many of the same functions that businesses do. My first project for IUScholarWorks was to perform such an analysis on their website.

Said and done, I am using Google Analytics to analyze the Libraries Website, specifically website traffic related to Data Management. I am also analyzing web traffic for Journals under IU Libraries, including JoSoTL and JoTLT, which  the IUScholarWorks team has put a great deal of time and effort into maintaining.

Stacy asked me to review the data management guide so she can better understand which parts of her guide are the most accessed. The Data Management Guide has seen significant improvement since it was created. Describing Data with Metadata ranks highest as the most accessed sup-page under Data Management at IU, followed by Storage and preservation and Funder Requirements and Data Management Plans.

Next, Stacy asked me to run the analytics for Publication and Data Services webpage, so she could understand if people were using that webpage to find their way to IUScholarWorks. The report shows that IUScholarWorks Repository, Journal Publishing and Data Management Services is one of the most popular link on that page.

It is interesting and delighting to know how IUScholarWorks is trying very hard to make scholarly research and journals open access. I feel as important the efforts for making open access is, so important it is to know the whereabouts of the efforts actually reaching to its users. I would like to analyze more and more reports and bring in some valuable data wonder (as I call it!) in my next upcoming blogs.

To know more about IUScholarWorks, Depositing your scholarly research, Publishing an online journal and Archive and increasing availability of your research data visit http://scholarworks.iu.edu/.

For more information contact the IUScholarWorks team.

Sources:  [1]* http://www.migindia.biz/data.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Analytics for IUScholarWorks is now here!

Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations at IU

My name is Shayna Pekala and I am thrilled to have joined the Scholarly Communication Department this fall as the IUScholarWorks Assistant. I would like to use this post to highlight one of the IUScholarWorks services I have worked with extensively over the last month: open access publishing of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs).

What is this service and why is it important?

The IUScholarWorks ETD service allows you to make the full text of your ETD available online for free. The main benefits of using this service can be summed up in two words: preservation and accessibility. If you publish your ETD with IUScholarWorks, we will preserve your work in perpetuity, even as technology changes. In addition, by making your ETD open access in our repository, your work will be exposed to major search engines, rendering it more discoverable. (Fun fact: there have been several studies conducted like this one that show open access articles are cited more frequently than non-open access articles.)

How does the service work?

All graduate students must submit their ETDs through ProQuest via the Graduate School website. These submissions are automatically ingested into a dark archive (one that can’t be accessed by any users) within the IUScholarWorks repository. IU requires that permission from the copyright holder be obtained before these ETDs can be made openly accessible. So, graduate students must give us permission to release their ETD by filling out this form. Once permission has been received, an IUScholarWorks staff member goes into the system, releases the ETD, and poof! the ETD becomes open access.

If I make my ETD open access, will I still be able to publish it later on as a monograph or in a journal?

There is a widely held assumption that the majority of publishers consider openly accessible ETDs to be prior publications, thus precluding them from future publication. However, a study published in July 2013, “Do Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations Diminish Publishing Opportunities in the Social Sciences and Humanities?”, found evidence to challenge this belief. The study reports that only 2.9% of journal publishers and 7.3% of university presses will not consider manuscripts derived from openly accessible ETDs under any circumstances. While the study concludes that submissions derived from ETDs are not considered prior publications by publishers, it is still advisable to check specific publisher policies if this is something you are considering.

What if I have more questions?

To learn more about open access publishing of ETDs at IU, check out our ETD webpage or email us at iuswetd@indiana.edu. You might also consult some of these resources:

Posted in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations at IU